mountain

High Mountains in China

In ancient China, the emperors claimed to be the “sons of Heaven.” To repay Heaven for kindness, they often took the magnificent and precipitous mountains as the auspicious signs, where they set up altars to offer sacrifices to Heaven. The first feudal emperor in Chinese history holding a large-scale ceremony to confer a feudal title upon a mountain is Emperor Qin Shihuang, First emperor of the Qin Dynasty. To ensure that the country was prosperous and the people lived in peace, the emperor of the successive dynasties frequently held activities to confer feudal titles on mountains. Finally the Five most famous mountains of China emerged, i.e. Mount Tai in the east; Mount Huashan in the west; Mount Hengshan in the North; Mount Songshan in the central; and Mount Hengshan in the south.
Since then the ‘five sacred mountains’ have enjoyed a high reputation throughout the world, and become the pronouns of renowned mountains in China. An old Chinese saying goes: “The monks occupy most of the famous mountains.” When the emperors of past ages were busy conferring titles upon famous mountains, monks speeded up building temples in the mountains across the country for practicing Buddhism. Consequently, the “four famous Buddhist mountains” in China came into forth, i.e., Mount Emei in Sichuan, Mount Wutai in Shanxi, Mount Putuoin Zhejiang and Mount Jiuhua in Anhui. As Taoists ere particular about tranquility and prefer to being away from the turmoil of the world, a great number of famous Taoist mountains, represented by Mount Wudang, emerged as the times demanded. It proves that the famous religious mountains in China are actually the models of the perfect combination of China’s natural and cultural legacies. Along with the progress of society, the development of science and technology, and the emergence of mountaineering and tourism, China has found e number of new mountains in modern times. Some of them are suitable for climbing, and the others, for sightseeing.
In history, the Chinese people did not give Sufficient attention to the places where groups of mountains gather, because of their high elevations and poor transport facilities. In modern times, when explorers, mountaineers, travelers, geologists and meteorologists traveled to or made inspections of western China, they constantly discovered clusters of high mountains and glaciers, as well as a great number of world-level natural wonders. Though they are not famed they are more magnificent and beautiful than the famous mountains.

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